The celebrated Arab Spring began in 2011 as peaceful, pro-democracy movements across the Middle East. But through political actions on the world stage, it has led to wars in Libya, Syria and elsewhere. It is war that creates the refugee crisis. The drug wars in Central America, the 'regime change' in Syria, the war against terrorism in Iraq, and around the world, it is the violence of war that drives people from their homes.
In the past, Libya would turn back migrants that were heading for Europe. Gadhafi was helpful in keeping African refugees and migrants from heading to Europe. But, Gaddafi was the target of United States 'regime change' and other things changed too. Libya collapsed into chaos. The path through Libya and across the Mediterranean was opened.
The refugees are in crisis, dying in camps or dying in the Mediterranean. As in the United States, anti-migrant politics are taking over in Europe.
Thanks to Wikileaks, we know that key Lebanese politicians, acting in concert with Saudi leaders, urged Washington to support Khaddam as a tactic to accomplish “complete regime change in Syria” and to address “the bigger problem” of Iran.
In North America, the US has stepped up enforcement efforts after last year’s child migrant crisis, including sending aid to Central American countries in exchange for efforts to keep children from making the journey to the United States. As with Europe and other countries, the whole idea is to keep refugees from showing up in the first place — even though these efforts never solve, and often don't even address, the underlying crises that cause the refugees to flee in the first place.